Other Names for this Disease
- Ophthalmoplegia, pigmentary degeneration of retina, and cardiomyopathy
- Oculocraniosomatic syndrome
- Ophthalmoplegia plus syndrome
- Mitochondrial cytopathy
- Mitochondrial DNA Deletion Syndromes
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Treatment for Kearns-Sayre syndrome is generally symptomatic and supportive. Management options include placement of cardiac pacemakers in individuals with cardiac conduction blocks, eyelid slings for severe ptosis, cochlear implants and hearing aids for neurosensory hearing loss, hormone replacement for endocrinopathies, dilation of the upper esophageal sphincter to alleviate cricopharyngeal achalasia, folinic acid supplementation in individuals with Kearns-Sayre syndrome with low cerebral spinal fluid folic acid, administration of coenzyme Q10 and L-carnitine, physical and occupational therapy, and treatment of depression. Antioxidants may ameliorate damage from reactive oxygen species; percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy may improve nutritional intake and prevent aspiration pneumonia in individuals with severe dysphagia. Surveillance includes EKG and echocardiogram every six to 12 months and yearly audiometry and endocrinologic evaluation.
Last updated: 12/17/2014
- NINDS Kearns-Sayre Syndrome Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). June 4, 2012; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/kearns_sayre/kearns_sayre.htm. Accessed 12/17/2014.
- DiMauro S, Hirano M. Mitochondrial DNA Deletion Syndromes. GeneReviews. May 3, 2011; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1203/. Accessed 12/17/2014.
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