Other Names for this Disease
- Noninflammatory corneal thining
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Treatment depends on the severity of the keratoconus symptoms and may include: :
- Eyeglasses and contact lens: During early stages, vision can be corrected with eyeglasses. As the condition progresses, rigid contacts may need to be worn so that light entering the eye is refracted evenly and vision is not distorted. You should also refrain from rubbing your eyes, as this can aggravate the thin corneal tissue and make symptoms worse.
- Laser: Laser can improve corneal abrasions and contact lens tolerance.
- Implants: Keratoconus can also be treated with Intacs, which are small curved implantable corneal devices that can reshape the cornea. Intacs are FDA approved and can help flatten the steep cornea found in keratoconus.
- Collagen: Collagen cross-linking is a new treatment that uses a special laser and eyedrops to promote “cross-linking” or strengthening of the collagen fibers that make up the cornea. This treatment may flatten or stiffen the cornea, preventing further protrusion.
- Corneal transplant: When good vision is no longer possible with other treatments, a corneal transplant may be recommended. This surgery is only necessary in about 10 percent to 20 percent of patients with keratoconus. In a corneal transplant, the diseased cornea is removed and replaced with a healthy donor cornea. A transplanted cornea heals slowly. It can take up to a year or more to recover good vision after corneal transplantation. Usually contact lenses are needed afterwards.
- Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty: With this procedure, only the front and middle layers of the cornea are transplanted. The benefits of this transplant over the “full” cornea transplant is a much faster healing period and less risk of rejection.
Last updated: 3/28/2016
- How is keratoconus treated?. WebMD. 2015; http://www.webmd.com/eye-health/eye-health-keratoconus?page=2#3.
- Keratoconus treatment. American Academy of Ophthalmology. 2015; http://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/keratoconus-treatment.
- Finding Treatment Information - A video developed by GARD Information Specialists that explains how you can find information about treatment for a rare disease.
- ClinicalTrials.gov lists trials that are studying or have studied Keratoconus. Click on the link to go to ClinicalTrials.gov to read descriptions of these studies.
|Generic Name||riboflavin ophthalmic solution & ultraviolet A|
Accelerated Cross-Linking procedure
The FDA has approved this product to be used in this manner.
|Treatment of progressive keratoconus.|
|More Information about this product||Drug Information Portal|