Other Names for this Disease
- Bilirubin encephalopathy
- Hyperbilirubinemic encephalopathy
neonatal jaundice goes untreated for too long. The severity of the condition and the associated signs and symptoms vary significantly from person to person. People living with kernicterus may experience athetoid cerebral palsy, hearing loss, intellectual disability, vision abnormalities, and behavioral difficulties. Approximately 60% of all newborn babies will have jaundice, a condition that is characterized by high level of bilirubin in the blood. Risk factors for severe jaundice and higher bilirubin levels include premature birth (before 37 weeks); darker skin color; East Asian or Mediterranean descent; feeding difficulties; jaundice in a sibling; bruising at birth; and a mother with an O blood type or Rh negative blood factor. Early detection and management of jaundice can prevent kernicterus.Kernicterus is a rare condition that affects the brain. It refers to a form of brain damage that occurs when
Last updated: 3/16/2016
- Bilirubin encephalopathy. MedlinePlus. April 2015; https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/007309.htm.
- Shelley C Springer, JD, MD, MSc, MBA, FAAP. Kernicterus. Medscape Reference. April 2014; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/975276-overview.
- Facts about Jaundice and Kernicterus. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. February 2015; http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/jaundice/facts.html.
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