Other Names for this Disease
- Krabbe leukodystrophy
- Globoid cell leukodystrophy
- Globoid cell leukoencephalopathy
- Galactosylceramide beta-galactosidase deficiency
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failure to thrive; slowed development; unexplained fevers; and progressive muscle weakness, hearing loss and vision loss. People affected by the late-onset forms may not develop symptoms until later in childhood, early adolescence or even into adulthood. Signs and symptoms of these forms are extremely variable but may include muscle weakness and rigidity; walking difficulties; vision loss; intellectual regression; and/or seizures. Krabbe disease is caused by changes (mutations) in the GALC gene and is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. Treatment is generally based on the signs and symptoms present in each person; however, preliminary studies suggest that it may be beneficial to use hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (i.e. umbilical cord blood stem cells) as a treatment for patients in the early stages of infantile Krabbe disease and older people with mild symptoms.Krabbe disease is an inherited condition that affects the nervous system. The signs and symptoms of the condition and the disease severity differ by type. Babies affected by early-onset (infantile) Krabbe disease, the most common and severe form of the condition, typically develop features in the first six months of life. Symptoms of infantile Krabbe disease may include irritability;
Last updated: 10/9/2015
- Wenger DA. Krabbe Disease. GeneReviews. March 31, 2011; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1238/#krabbe.Clinical_Description. Accessed 10/8/2015.
- David H Tegay, DO. Krabbe Disease. Medscape Reference. December 2014; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/951722-overview.
- Robert P Cruse, DO. Krabbe disease. UpToDate. February 2014; Accessed 7/2/2015.
- Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Krabbe disease. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
- MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
- The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) collects and disseminates research information related to neurological disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) has a report for patients and families about this condition. NORD is a patient advocacy organization for individuals with rare diseases and the organizations that serve them.
- Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Krabbe disease. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.