Other Names for this Disease
- Subacute necrotizing encephalopathy
- Necrotizing encephalopathy infantile subacute of Leigh
- Leigh's necrotizing encephalopathy
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neurodegenerative condition. It usually begins in infancy, often after a viral infection. Rarely, it begins in the teenage or adult years. Signs and symptoms usually progress rapidly and may get worse after a viral infection. Early signs may include poor sucking ability; loss of head control and motor skills; loss of appetite; vomiting; and seizures. As the disorder progresses, symptoms may include weakness and lack of muscle tone; spasticity; movement disorders; cerebellar ataxia; and peripheral neuropathy. Complications can lead impairment of respiratory, heart and kidney function. Leigh syndrome may be caused by changes (mutations) in either mitochondrial DNA or nuclear DNA:Leigh syndrome is a rare, inherited
- Mitochondrial DNA-associated Leigh syndrome follows a mitochondrial inheritance pattern (also called maternal inheritance)
- Nuclear gene-encoded Leigh syndrome may be inherited in an autosomal recessive or X-linked manner, depending on the responsible gene.
Last updated: 2/29/2016
- Leigh's Disease Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. December, 2011; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/leighsdisease/leighsdisease.htm.
- Thornburn DR, Rahman SR. Mitochondrial DNA-Associated Leigh Syndrome and NARP. GeneReviews. April 17, 2014; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1173/.
- Leigh syndrome. Genetics Home Reference. October, 2011; http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/leigh-syndrome.
- Rahman S & Thorburn D. Nuclear Gene-Encoded Leigh Syndrome Overview. GeneReviews. October 1, 2015; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK320989/.
- Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Leigh syndrome. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
- The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) collects and disseminates research information related to neurological disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) has a report for patients and families about this condition. NORD is a patient advocacy organization for individuals with rare diseases and the organizations that serve them.
- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
- The Neuromuscular Disease Center at Washington University provides information about Leigh syndrome.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Leigh syndrome. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
- Huntsman RJ, Sinclair DB, Bhargava R, Chan A. Atypical presentations of Leigh syndrome: A case series and review. Pediatr Neurol 2005;32:334-340.