* Not a rare disease
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microscopic colitis, a condition that is characterized by inflammation of the colon (large intestines). As the name suggests, microscopic colitis can only be diagnosed by examining a small sample of colon tissue under a microscope. In lymphocytic colitis, specifically, the tissues and lining of the colon are of normal thickness, but an increase in the number of lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell) is observed. Signs and symptoms of the condition may include chronic, watery diarrhea; abdominal pain, cramping, and bloating; weight loss; nausea; dehydration; and/or fecal incontinence. The underlying cause of lymphocytic colitis is currently unknown; however, scientists suspect that autoimmune conditions, medications, infections, genetic factors, and/or bile acid malabsorption may contribute to the development of the condition. Treatment is based on the signs and symptoms present in each person and may include certain medications, dietary modifications, and in rare cases, surgery.Lymphocytic colitis is form of
Last updated: 4/6/2016
- Microscopic colitis. Mayo Clinic. March 2016; http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/microscopic-colitis/home/ovc-20192308.
- Microscopic Colitis: Collagenous Colitis and Lymphocytic Colitis. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. June 2014; http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/digestive-diseases/microscopic-colitis/Pages/facts.aspx.
- Joyann A Kroser, MD, FACP, FACG, AGAF. Collagenous and Lymphocytic Colitis. Medscape Reference. November 2015; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/180664-overview.
- Mayo Clinic has an information page on Lymphocytic colitis.
- The National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NDDIC), part of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), offers information on this condition. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
- Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Lymphocytic colitis. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.