Other Names for this Disease
- Benign symmetrical lipomatosis
- Launois-Bensaude syndrome
- Multiple symmetric lipomatosis
- Madelung's disease
- Familial symmetric lipomatosis
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lipomas) around the neck, shoulders, upper arms and/or upper trunk. It most often affects men of Mediterranean ancestry between the ages of 30 and 70 who have a history of alcohol abuse. Non-alcoholics and women can also be affected. The signs and symptoms vary greatly from person to person. Usually, accumulation of fatty tissue increases over time and may lead to a loss of neck mobility and pain. The lipomas can cause physical deformity and peripheral neuropathy. In the majority of cases, the disease is benign; however, lipomas can become cancerous in rare circumstances. The exact cause of Madelung disease is unknown, but it may be associated with changes (mutations) in mitochondrial DNA and/or alcoholism. Treatment may include medications to correct associated metabolic conditions; surgery or liposuction to remove the lipomas; and avoidance of alcohol.Madelung disease is a rare condition characterized by the symmetric growth of fatty tumors (
Last updated: 11/19/2014
- Madelung's Disease. NORD. April 1, 2005; http://www.rarediseases.org/rare-disease-information/rare-diseases/byID/778/viewAbstract.
- Ramos S, Pinheiro S, Diogo C, Cabral L, Cruzeiro C. Madelung disease: a not-so-rare disorder. Ann Plast Surg. January 2010; 64(1):122-124.
- Marie-Christine Vantyghem. Familial symmetric lipomatosis. Orphanet. October 2006; http://www.orpha.net/consor/cgi-bin/OC_Exp.php?lng=EN&Expert=2398. Accessed 6/28/2013.
- The Cushing's Help and Support has created an information page on Madelung disease. To view the information page, click on the link.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) has a report for patients and families about this condition. NORD is a patient advocacy organization for individuals with rare diseases and the organizations that serve them.
- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Madelung disease. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.