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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Multiple myeloma


Other Names for this Disease
  • Plasma cell myeloma
  • Kahler disease
  • Myelomatosis
  • Plasma cell dyscrasia
  • Myeloma - multiple
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Tests & Diagnosis

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How is multiple myeloma diagnosed?

A diagnosis of multiple myeloma may be suspected based on the presence of characteristic signs and symptoms. Additional testing can then be ordered to confirm the diagnosis. This may include:[1][2][3]
The American Cancer Society offers more information regarding the diagnosis of multiple myeloma, including a summary of the many tests that may be recommended. Please click on the link to access this resource.

Some affected people may have no suspicious signs or symptoms of multiple myeloma, especially in the early stages of the condition. In these cases, multiple myeloma is sometimes diagnosed by chance when a blood test or urine test is ordered to investigate another condition.[2]
Last updated: 3/10/2016

References
  1. Dhaval Shah, MD. Multiple Myeloma. Medscape Reference. February 2016; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/204369-overview.
  2. Plasma Cell Neoplasms (Including Multiple Myeloma) Treatment. National Cancer Institute. October 2015; http://www.cancer.gov/types/myeloma/patient/myeloma-treatment-pdq.
  3. Multiple Myeloma. American Cancer Society. January 2016; http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/MultipleMyeloma/DetailedGuide/index.


Testing

  • The Genetic Testing Registry (GTR) provides information about the genetic tests for this condition. The intended audience for the GTR is health care providers and researchers. Patients and consumers with specific questions about a genetic test should contact a health care provider or a genetics professional.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Plasma cell myeloma
  • Kahler disease
  • Myelomatosis
  • Plasma cell dyscrasia
  • Myeloma - multiple
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.