lupus, Wegener's granulomatosis, giant cell arteritis and Takayasu's arteritis. Most cases occur sporadically in people with no family history of the condition. Treatment aims to address the underlying cause of the condition. Medications and rarely, a heart transplant may be needed if the heart muscle becomes weak.Myocarditis is a condition that is characterized by inflammation of the heart muscle (myocardium). Some affected people have no noticeable symptoms of the condition. When present, signs and symptoms may include chest pain, abnormal heartbeat, shortness of breath, fatigue, signs of infection (i.e. fever, headache, sore throat, diarrhea), and leg swelling. Myocarditis can be caused by a variety of factors including infections (viral, bacterial, parasitic, and fungal), allergic reactions to certain medications, and exposure to certain chemicals. It can also be associated with other inflammatory conditions such as
Last updated: 3/15/2016
- Myocarditis. Mayo Clinic. October 2015; http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/myocarditis/basics/definition/con-20027303.
- Myocarditis. MedlinePlus. May 2014; https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000149.htm.
- Wai Hong Wilson Tang, MD. Myocarditis. Medscape Reference. September 2014; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/156330-overview.
- Mayo Clinic has an information page on Myocarditis.
- MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.