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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Antisynthetase syndrome


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Overview

Antisynthetase syndrome is a chronic autoimmune condition that affects the muscles and various other parts of the body. The signs and symptoms can vary but may include muscle inflammation (myositis), polyarthritis (inflammation of many joints), interstitial lung disease and Raynaud phenomenon. The exact underlying cause is unknown; however, the production of autoantibodies (antibodies that attack normal cells instead of disease-causing agents) that recognize and attack certain enzymes in the body called 'aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases' appears to be linked to the cause of the syndrome. Treatment is based on the signs and symptoms present in each person but may include corticosteroids, immunosuppressive medications, and/or physical therapy.[1][2][3]
Last updated: 8/10/2015

References

  1. Antisynthetase syndrome. DermNet NZ. December 2014; http://dermnetnz.org/immune/antisynthetase.html.
  2. Antisynthetase syndrome. Orphanet. May 2014; http://www.orpha.net/consor/cgi-bin/Disease_Search.php?lng=EN&data_id=8611.
  3. Chatterjee S, Prayson R, Farver C.. Antisynthetase syndrome: not just an inflammatory myopathy. Cleve Clin J Med. October 2013; 80(10):655-666.
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Basic Information

  • DermNet NZ is an online resource about skin diseases developed by the New Zealand Dermatological Society Incorporated. DermNet NZ provides information about this condition.

In Depth Information

  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for¬†information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.¬† Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Antisynthetase syndrome. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.