- Polyposis, hamartomatous intestinal
- Polyps-and-spots syndrome
- Peutz Jeghers polyposis
- Periorificial lentiginosis syndrome
People with PJS also have a high lifetime risk of developing cancer. Cancers of the gastrointestinal tract (stomach, small intestine, and colon), breast, pancreas, cervix, ovary, uterus and lungs are among the most commonly reported tumors. Medscape reference offers more specific information regarding the risks for these cancers and the average age of onset. Please click here to view this resource.
Most affected people also have characteristic dark blue to dark brown macules around the mouth, eyes, and nostrils; near the anus (perianal); and on the inside of the cheeks (buccal mucosa). These spots may also occur on the hands and feet. They commonly appear during childhood and often fade as the person gets older.
The Human Phenotype Ontology provides the following list of signs and symptoms for Peutz-Jeghers syndrome. If the information is available, the table below includes how often the symptom is seen in people with this condition. You can use the MedlinePlus Medical Dictionary to look up the definitions for these medical terms.
The Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) has collected information on how often a sign or symptom occurs in a condition. Much of this information comes from Orphanet, a European rare disease database. The frequency of a sign or symptom is usually listed as a rough estimate of the percentage of patients who have that feature.
The frequency may also be listed as a fraction. The first number of the fraction is how many people had the symptom, and the second number is the total number of people who were examined in one study. For example, a frequency of 25/25 means that in a study of 25 people all patients were found to have that symptom. Because these frequencies are based on a specific study, the fractions may be different if another group of patients are examined.
Sometimes, no information on frequency is available. In these cases, the sign or symptom may be rare or common.
- Thomas J McGarrity, MD, Christopher I Amos, PhD, Marsha L Frazier, PhD, and Chongjuan Wei, PhD. Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome. GeneReviews. July 2013; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1266/.
- Thomas M Attard, MD, FAAP, FACG. Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome. Medscape Reference. December 2014; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/182006-overview.