- Infantile paralysis
Poliomyelitis is a viral disease that can affect nerves and can lead to partial or full paralysis. It is caused by infection with the poliovirus which can be spread by direct person-to-person contact, by contact with infected mucus or phlegm from the nose or mouth, or by contact with infected feces. There are three basic patterns of polio infection: subclinical infections, nonparalytic, and paralytic.Symptoms vary based on the pattern of infection and can range from asymptomatic with subclinical poliomyelitis to partial or full paralysis. Treatment is aimed at controlling symptoms while the infection runs its course. Since the development of polio vaccine, the incidence of the disease has been greatly reduced.The prognosis depends on the form of the disease (subclinical, nonparalytic, or paralytic) and the site affected.
- Vorvick L, Vyas JM. Poliomyelitis. MedlinePlus. 8/31/2014; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001402.htm. Accessed 12/24/2015.
- James P. Alexander, Gregory S. Wallace, Steven G. F. Wassilak. Poliomyelitis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). July 10, 2015; http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/yellowbook/2016/infectious-diseases-related-to-travel/poliomyelitis. Accessed 12/24/2015.
- MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
- The Merck Manuals Online Medical Library provides information on this condition for patients and caregivers.
- The World Health Organization (WHO) produces guidelines and standards, helps countries to address public health issues, and supports and promotes health research. The WHO has developed a fact sheet on this condition.
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- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Poliomyelitis. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.