Other Names for this Disease
- Rosaï-Dorfman disease
- Sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy
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 It is a benign disease which is characterized by over-production and accumulation of a specific type of white blood cell (histiocyte) in the lymph nodes of the body, most often those of the neck (cervical). Other lymph node groups may also be involved and, in some cases, abnormal accumulation of histiocytes may occur in other areas of the body (extranodal). The cause of this condition remains unknown, although altered immune responses and infectious agents may play a role. SHML is a self-limited and seldom life-threatening disease which commonly does not require therapy.Rosai-Dorfman disease was first described by Rosai and Dorfman in 1969.
Last updated: 7/22/2013
- Gomes Pinto DC, de Aguiar Vidigal T, de Castro B, dos Dantos BH, de Sousa NJA. Rosai-Dorfman disease in the differential diagnosis of cervical lymphadenopathy. Rev. Bras. Otorrinolaringol. 2008; http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-72992008000400025&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en. Accessed 7/22/2013.
- Rosai J. Rosai-Dorfman Disease. National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). 2011; http://www.rarediseases.org/rare-disease-information/rare-diseases/byID/1122/viewAbstract. Accessed 7/22/2013.
- Tebbi CK, Arceci RJ, Loew TW. Histiocytosis. Medscape Reference. April 2012; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/958026-overview. Accessed 7/22/2013.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
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- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Rosai-Dorfman disease. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.