Your browser does not support javascript:   Search for gard hereSearch for news-and-events here.

Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Sarcoidosis

*

* Not a rare disease

Other Names for this Disease
  • Sarcoid of Boeck
  • Schaumann's disease
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.

Treatment

Newline Maker

What treatment is available for sarcoidosis?

The treatment of sarcoidosis depends on [1][2][3]

  • the symptoms present
  • the severity of the symptoms
  • whether any vital organs (e.g., your lungs, eyes, heart, or brain) are affected
  • how the organ is affected.

Some organs must be treated, regardless of your symptoms. Others may not need to be treated. Usually, if a patient doesn't have symptoms, he or she doesn't need treatment, and probably will recover in time. [1][2][3]

Currently, the drug that is most commonly used to treat sarcoidosis is prednisone.  When a patient's condition gets worse when taking prednisone or when the side effects of prednisone are severe in the patient, a doctor may prescribe other drugs. Most of these other drugs reduce inflammation by suppressing the immune system. These other drugs include: hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil), methotrexate, azathioprine (Imuran), and cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan).[1][2][3] Researchers continue to look for new and better treatments for sarcoidosis. Anti-tumor necrosis factor drugs and antibiotics are currently being studied.[1]

More detailed information about the treatment of sarcoidosis can be found at the following links:
https://www.stopsarcoidosis.org/awareness/treatment-options/
http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/301914-treatment#showall

Last updated: 4/6/2016

References
  1. What Is Sarcoidosis?. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. June 14, 2013; http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/sarc.
  2. Sarcoidosis. American Lung Association. 2016; http://www.lung.org/lung-health-and-diseases/lung-disease-lookup/sarcoidosis/.
  3. Iannuzzi MC, Sah BP. Sarcoidosis. Merck Manual. March 2014; http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/pulmonary-disorders/sarcoidosis/sarcoidosis.


Clinical Trials & Research for this Disease

  • The National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) conducted a case-control etiologic study of sarcoidosis (ACCESS) to determine the cause of the condition as well as to examine socioeconomic variables and the clinical course of patients with sarcoidosis.  To learn more about this study, click here.
  • ClinicalTrials.gov lists trials that are studying or have studied Sarcoidosis. Click on the link to go to ClinicalTrials.gov to read descriptions of these studies.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Sarcoid of Boeck
  • Schaumann's disease
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.