Your browser does not support javascript:   Search for gard hereSearch for news-and-events here.

Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Sarcoidosis

*

* Not a rare disease

Other Names for this Disease
  • Sarcoid of Boeck
  • Schaumann's disease
  • Besnier-Boeck-Schaumann disease
  • Boeck sarcoid
  • Boecks sarcoid
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.

Treatment

Newline Maker

What treatment is available for sarcoidosis?

The treatment of sarcoidosis depends on [1][2][3]

  • the symptoms present
  • the severity of the symptoms
  • whether any of vital organs (e.g., your lungs, eyes, heart, or brain) are affected
  • how the organ is affected.

Some organs must be treated, regardless of your symptoms. Others may not need to be treated. Usually, if a patient doesn't have symptoms, he or she doesn't need treatment, and probably will recover in time. [1][2][3]

Currently, the drug that is most commonly used to treat sarcoidosis is prednisone.  When a patient's condition gets worse when taking prednisone or when the side effects of prednisone are severe in the patient, a doctor may prescribe other drugs.  Most of these other drugs are immune system suppresants.  This means that they prevent one's immune system from fighting things like bacteria and viruses.  These other drugs include: hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil), methotrexate, azathioprine (Imuran), and cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan).  Other drugs being studied for possible use in treating sarcoidosis include:  etanercept (Enbrel), infliximab (remicaide), pentoxifylline, tetracycline, thalidomide.[1][2][3]

More detailed information about the treatment of sarcoidosis can be found at the following links:
http://www.stopsarcoidosis.org/sarcoidosis/treatment.htm
http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1123970-treatment

Last updated: 2/11/2009

References
  1. Sarcoidosis. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. June 2007; http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/sarc/sar_whatis.html. Accessed 2/10/2009.
  2. Sarcoidosis. American Lung Association Web site. 2009; http://www.lungusa.org/site/apps/nlnet/content3.aspx?c=dvLUK9O0E&b=4294229&ct=3052595. Accessed 2/10/2009.
  3. Sarcoidosis. Merck Manual. November 2005; http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec05/ch056/ch056a.html. Accessed 2/10/2009.


GARD Video Tutorial

  • Finding Treatment Information - A video developed by GARD Information Specialists that explains how you can find information about treatment for a rare disease.

    Finding Treatment Information

Clinical Trials & Research for this Disease

  • The National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) conducted a case-control etiologic study of sarcoidosis (ACCESS) to determine the cause of the condition as well as to examine socioeconomic variables and the clinical course of patients with sarcoidosis.  To learn more about this study, click here.
  • ClinicalTrials.gov lists trials that are studying or have studied Sarcoidosis. Click on the link to go to ClinicalTrials.gov to read descriptions of these studies.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Sarcoid of Boeck
  • Schaumann's disease
  • Besnier-Boeck-Schaumann disease
  • Boeck sarcoid
  • Boecks sarcoid
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.