Superior mesenteric artery syndrome
Other Names for this Disease
- Vascular compression of the duodenum
- Wilkie syndrome
- Cast syndrome
- Arteriomesenteric duodenal compression syndrome
duodenum (the first part of the small intestine) is compressed between two arteries (the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery). This compression causes partial or complete blockage of the duodenum. Signs and symptoms may include abdominal fullness; bloating after meals; nausea and vomiting; and abdominal cramping that may be helped by lying in certain positions. The condition is more common after severe and fast weigh loss or after prolonged bed rest, rapid growth, previous abdominal surgery, lordosis, use of body casts, and loss of tone in abdominal muscles. It may also occur with pancreatitis, peptic ulcers, and other inflammatory abdominal conditions. Treatment may include addressing the underlying cause and/or dietary modifications (small feedings or a liquid diet) and surgery.Superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMAS) is a digestive condition that occurs when the
Last updated: 12/18/2015
- Karrer FM. Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome. Medscape Reference. July 2015; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/932220-overview.
- Superior Mesenteric Artery (SMA) Syndrome. International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders. September 2014; http://www.iffgd.org/site/gi-disorders/other/sma-syndrome.
- Scovell S & Hamdan A. Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome. UpToDate. Waltham, MA: UpToDate; June 22, 2015; http://www.uptodate.com/contents/superior-mesenteric-artery-syndrome.
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- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
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