Superior mesenteric artery syndrome
Other Names for this Disease
- Arteriomesenteric duodenal compression syndrome
- Cast syndrome
- Vascular compression of the duodenum
- Wilkie syndrome
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duodenum (the first part of the small intestine) is compressed between two arteries (the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery). This compression causes partial or complete blockage of the duodenum. Signs and symptoms may include abdominal fullness; bloating after meals; nausea and vomiting; and abdominal cramping that may be helped by lying in certain positions. A variety of factors may contribute to SMAS, including prolonged bed rest, weight loss, rapid growth, previous abdominal surgery, lordosis, use of body casts, and loss of tone in abdominal muscles. It may also occur with pancreatitis, peptic ulcers, and other inflammatory abdominal conditions. Treatment may include addressing the underlying cause and/or dietary modifications (small feedings or a liquid diet).Superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMAS) is a digestive condition that occurs when the
Last updated: 12/11/2014
- Frederick Merrill Karrer, MD. Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome Clinical Presentation. Medscape Reference. October 2014; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/932220-overview.
- Superior Mesenteric Artery (SMA) Syndrome. International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders. September 2014; http://www.iffgd.org/site/gi-disorders/other/sma-syndrome.
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