Other Names for this Disease
- Retinocochleocerebral vasculopathy
- SICRET (small infarction of cochlear, retinal, and encephalic tissue) syndrome
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retina, and cochlea (inner ear). It is characterized by three main symptoms: encephalopathy (which can cause headache, mild memory loss, personality changes, and confusion); sensorineural hearing loss; and vision loss. Most people do not have all the symptoms of Susac syndrome at the beginning of their illness but develop symptoms over the course of several years. Susac syndrome affects women more than men and the age of onset is usually between 20 and 40 years. The cause of this condition is still unknown. Corticosteroids, antiplatelets, anticoagulation, and cyclophosphamide have been used to treat Susac syndrome. However, the extent to which individuals respond to treatment is not clear. Improvement may occur spontaneously although in some cases there may be residual dysfunction.Susac syndrome is an autoimmune condition that affects very fine blood vessels in the brain,
Last updated: 7/21/2014
- Susac's Syndrome. National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). December 2010; http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdbdetail_abstract.html?disname=Susac%27s%20Syndrome. Accessed 4/25/2011.
- Rennebohm RM, Lubow M, Rusin J, Martin L, Grzybowski DM, Susac JO . Pediatr Rheumatol Online J. January 2008; http://www.ped-rheum.com/content/pdf/1546-0096-6-3.pdf. Accessed 4/25/2011.
- Aubart-Cohen, et.al.. Long-Term Outcome in Susac Syndrome. Medicine. March 2007;
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) has a report for patients and families about this condition. NORD is a patient advocacy organization for individuals with rare diseases and the organizations that serve them.
- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Susac syndrome. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.