Other Names for this Disease
- Primary dystonia, DYT21 type
- St. Vitus dance
- Sydenham chorea
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In most cases, patients with Sydenham's chorea recover fully with no treatment. Drugs that have been used to treat patients with significant movement problems include corticosteroids, valproic acid, diazepam, chlorpromazine, and carbamazepine. In patients who do not respond to these drugs, haloperidol or pimozide may be used. In addition, patients with Sydenham's chorea are usually treated with antibiotics to prevent another Streptococcal infection and to minimize the risk of rheumatic heart disease. Sydenham's chorea usually resolves within 12-15 months, though symptoms may persist for two years or more. Up to 30% of patients experience a recurrence of Sydenham's chorea within a few years. Some believe that treatment with an antibiotic reduces the risk of recurrence.
Last updated: 7/10/2015
- Cruse, Robert. Sydenham chorea. UpToDate. April 29, 2014; http://www.uptodate.com/contents/sydenham-chorea. Accessed 7/10/2015.
- Finding Treatment Information - A video developed by GARD Information Specialists that explains how you can find information about treatment for a rare disease.
- ClinicalTrials.gov lists trials that are studying or have studied Sydenham's chorea. Click on the link to go to ClinicalTrials.gov to read descriptions of these studies.