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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Synovial sarcoma


Other Names for this Disease
  • Synovialosarcoma
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Overview

Synovial sarcoma is rare and aggressive soft tissue sarcoma that appears as deep, painless, slowly growing masses. Most frequently the tumor affects the legs, especially the knees, and the arms. Less frequently, this disease develops in the trunk, head and neck region, or the abdomen. Although synovial sarcoma does not have a clearly defined cause, genetic factors are believed to influence the development of this disease. Cells in these tumors are usually characterized by the presence of a translocation involving chromosomes X and 18. This translocation is specific to synovial sarcoma and is often used to diagnose this cancer. Although this condition generally affects adults, about 30% of reported cases occur in children and adolescents.[1][2]
Last updated: 7/11/2011

References

  1. Synovial Sarcoma: Questions and Answers. National Cancer Institute (NCI). http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/soft-tissue-sarcoma. Accessed 7/11/2011.
  2. Ruggiero A. Synovialsarcoma. Orphanet. September 2014; http://www.orpha.net/consor/cgi-bin/OC_Exp.php?lng=EN&Expert=3273. Accessed 6/2/2015.
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Basic Information

  • The National Cancer Institute provides the most current information on cancer for patients, health professionals, and the general public.

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.  Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Synovial sarcoma. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Synovialosarcoma
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.