- High density lipoprotein deficiency, type 1
- High density lipoprotein deficiency, Tangier type
- Alpha high density lipoprotein deficiency disease
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To reduce the risk for heart and blood vessel disease, people with this condition should maintain a low fat (especially saturated fat) diet and overall healthy lifestyle. Heart disease risk factors such as smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, high level of triglycerides and homocysteine in the blood should receive prompt treatment. Fibrates can be used to help lower triglycerides.
To date, no treatment has been found to prevent the progression of this disease, including trials of omega-3-fatty acids, antioxidants, and vitamin E.
Individuals with Tangier disease may benefit from referral to specialized lipid centers for advanced management. Consultation with the following specialists may be required:
- Assmann G, von Eckardstein A, Brewer HB. Familial analphalipoproteinemia: Tangier disease. In: Scriver et al., eds.. The Metabolic & Molecular Basis of Inherited Disease. 8th Ed. 2001;
- Singh VN, Citkowitz E. Low HDL Cholesterol (Hypoalphalipoproteinemia) Treatment & Management. eMedicine. 2009; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/127943-treatment#showall. Accessed 8/19/2011.
- Finding Treatment Information - A video developed by GARD Information Specialists that explains how you can find information about treatment for a rare disease.
- ClinicalTrials.gov lists trials that are studying or have studied Tangier disease. Click on the link to go to ClinicalTrials.gov to read descriptions of these studies.
- Orphanet lists European clinical trials, research studies, and patient registries enrolling people with this condition.
- The Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tool (RePORT) provides access to reports, data, and analyses of research activities at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), including information on NIH expenditures and the results of NIH-supported research. Although these projects may not conduct studies on humans, you may want to contact the investigators to learn more. To search for studies, enter the disease name in the "Text Search" box. Then click "Submit Query".