* Not a rare disease
Other Names for this Disease
- Linguofacial dyskinesia
- Tardive dystonia
- Tardive oral dyskinesia
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.
neurological movement disorder that is caused by the long-term use of a certain type of medications called neuroleptics. Neuroleptic drugs are usually prescribed for psychiatric conditions, although they may be used to treat gastrointestinal or neurological conditions in some cases. Tardive dyskinesia is primarily characterized by repetitive involuntary movements of the jaw, lips and tongue such as grimacing; sticking out the tongue; and smacking, puckering and pursing the lips. Some affected people may also experience involuntary rapid, jerking movements (chorea) or slow, writhing movements (athetosis) of the arms and/or legs. It is unclear why some people who take neuroleptic medications develop these symptoms while others do not. Treatment for this condition varies but may include stopping or minimizing the use of neuroleptic drugs and/or taking additional medications to to reduce the severity of the symptoms.Tardive dyskinesia is a
Last updated: 12/18/2014
- NINDS Tardive Dyskinesia Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. April 2014; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/tardive/tardive.htm.
- Tardive Dyskinesia. NORD. February 2012; http://www.rarediseases.org/rare-disease-information/rare-diseases/byID/493/viewFullReport.
- MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
- The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) collects and disseminates research information related to neurological disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) has a report for patients and families about this condition. NORD is a patient advocacy organization for individuals with rare diseases and the organizations that serve them.
- Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Tardive dyskinesia. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.