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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Tardive dyskinesia

*

* Not a rare disease

Other Names for this Disease
  • Linguofacial dyskinesia
  • Tardive dystonia
  • Tardive oral dyskinesia
  • TD
Related Diseases
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Overview

Tardive dyskinesia is a neurological movement disorder that is caused by the long-term use of a certain type of medications called neuroleptics. Neuroleptic drugs are usually prescribed for psychiatric conditions, although they may be used to treat gastrointestinal or neurological conditions in some cases.[1] Tardive dyskinesia is primarily characterized by repetitive involuntary movements of the jaw, lips and tongue such as grimacing; sticking out the tongue; and smacking, puckering and pursing the lips. Some affected people may also experience involuntary rapid, jerking movements (chorea) or slow, writhing movements (athetosis) of the arms and/or legs. It is unclear why some people who take neuroleptic medications develop these symptoms while others do not.[2] Treatment for this condition varies but may include stopping or minimizing the use of neuroleptic drugs and/or taking additional medications to to reduce the severity of the symptoms.[1][2]
Last updated: 12/18/2014

References

  1. NINDS Tardive Dyskinesia Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. April 2014; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/tardive/tardive.htm.
  2. Tardive Dyskinesia. NORD. February 2012; http://www.rarediseases.org/rare-disease-information/rare-diseases/byID/493/viewFullReport.
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Basic Information

  • MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
  • The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) collects and disseminates research information related to neurological disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
  • The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Tardive dyskinesia. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Linguofacial dyskinesia
  • Tardive dystonia
  • Tardive oral dyskinesia
  • TD
Related Diseases
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.