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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Tuberculosis


Other Names for this Disease
  • TB
  • Kochs disease
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.

Overview

Tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious and often severe airborne disease caused by the TB bacterium, Mycobacterium tuberculosis. TB typically affects the lungs, but other organs of the body may be involved, as well. Not everyone who is infected with the TB bacterium becomes sick. TB bacterial infections only become "active disease" if the immune system can't stop them from growing. Classic signs and symptoms of active TB can include cough, weight loss, fever, night sweats, hemoptysis, chest pain, and fatigue. Symptoms involving areas of the body other than the lungs vary depending on which organ(s) are affected. TB is usually treated with a regimen of medications taken over a long period of time (often six to twelve months).[1][2][3]
Last updated: 2/4/2016

References

  1. Understanding Tuberculosis. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. March 2012; http://www.niaid.nih.gov/TOPICS/TUBERCULOSIS/UNDERSTANDING/Pages/Default.aspx.
  2. Thomas E Herchline, MD. Tuberculosis. Medscape Reference. October 2015; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/230802-overview.
  3. Tuberculosis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. January 2016; http://www.cdc.gov/tb/default.htm.
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Basic Information

  • You can obtain information on this topic from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The CDC is recognized as the lead federal agency for developing and applying disease prevention and control, environmental health, and health promotion and education activities designed to improve the health of the people of the United States.
  • Mayo Clinic has an information page on Tuberculosis.
  • MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
  • The Merck Manual provides information on this condition for patients and caregivers. 
  • The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) supports scientists developing better ways to diagnose, treat, and prevent the many infectious, immunologic, and allergic diseases that afflict people worldwide. Click on the link to view information on this topic. 
  • The National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) support research into the causes, treatment, and prevention of arthritis and musculoskeletal and skin diseases, the training of basic and clinical scientists to carry out this research, and the dissemination of information on research progress in these diseases. Click on the link to view information on this topic.

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • The Merck Manual for health care professionals provides information on Tuberculosis.
  • MeSH® (Medical Subject Headings) is a terminology tool used by the National Library of Medicine. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
  • Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Tuberculosis. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • TB
  • Kochs disease
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.