- Ullrich-Turner syndrome
- Bonnevie-Ulrich syndrome
- 45, X Syndrome
- Chromosome X Monosomy X
- Gonadal Dysgenesis (45,X)
Your QuestionMy daughter was diagnosed with Turner syndrome at the age of 21. She has flat feet and one leg is shorter than the other, which affects the way she walks. Could this be caused by hip dysplasia? Is there anything that can be done to improve the way she walks?
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Typically, infants are placed in a non-surgical harness to keep the legs apart and turned outward (frog-leg position) in order to hold the hip joint in place while the child grows. Alternatively, a cast may be placed on the child's leg and changed as the child grows.
Hip dysplasia detected in an older child or young adult may be associated with worse outcomes and usually requires complex surgery to correct the problem. If left untreated, hip dysplasia will lead to arthritis and deterioration of the hip.
- McCarthy J. Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip. E-medicine. September 23, 2009; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1248135-overview. Accessed 2/25/2011.
- Frias J, et al. Health Supervision for Children With Turner Syndrome . Pediatrics. March, 2003;
- American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Developmental Dislocation of the Hip (DDH). April 2009; http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00347. Accessed 3/3/2011.
- Stoker SK, et al. Developmental dysplasia of the hip. Medlineplus. March 24, 2009; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000971.htm. Accessed 3/3/2011.