Other Names for this Disease
- Familial Xanthomatosis
- Liposomal Acid Lipase Deficiency, Wolman Type
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lysosomal acid lipase deficiency. It is an inherited condition that causes a buildup of lipids (fats) in body organs and calcium deposits in the adrenal glands. Common symptoms in infants include enlarged liver and spleen, poor weight gain, low muscle tone, jaundice, vomiting, diarrhea, developmental delay, anemia, and poor absorption of nutrients from food. Wolman disease is caused by mutations in the LIPA gene. It is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. The condition is severe and life-threatening, however new therapies, such as bone marrow transplantation, have shown promise in improving the outlook of children with this disease. Enzyme replacement therapy is also being developed.Wolman disease is a type of
Last updated: 6/2/2016
- Hoffman EP, Barr ML, Giovanni MA & Murray MF. Lysosomal Acid Lipase Deficiency. GeneReviews. July 30, 2015; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK305870/. Accessed 10/7/2015.
- Wolman disease. Genetics Home Reference. October 2007; http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/wolman-disease.
- Kruer MC, Steiner RD. Lysosomal Storage Disease: Wolman Disease and Cholesteryl Ester Storage Disease. Medscape Reference. October 18, 2013; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1182830-overview#a7.
- The American Society of Gene & Cell Therapy provides information on the treatment of lysosomal storage diseases.
- Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Wolman disease. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
- The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) collects and disseminates research information related to neurological disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) has a report for patients and families about this condition. NORD is a patient advocacy organization for individuals with rare diseases and the organizations that serve them.
- Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
- MeSH® (Medical Subject Headings) is a terminology tool used by the National Library of Medicine. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Wolman disease. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.