Other Names for this Disease
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pineal gland, a small organ in the brain that makes melatonin (a sleep-regulating hormone). Pineocytomas most often occur in adults as a solid mass, although they may appear to have fluid-filled (cystic) spaces on images of the brain. Signs and symptoms of pineocytomas include headaches, nausea, hydrocephalus, vision abnormalities, and Parinaud syndrome. Pineocytomas are usually slow-growing and rarely spread to other parts of the body. Treatment includes surgery to remove the pineocytoma; most of these tumors do not regrow (recur) after surgery.A pineocytoma is a tumor of the
Last updated: 11/13/2014
- Maria Moschovi, MD; George P Chrousos, MD. Pineal Gland Masses. UpToDate. October 2013;
- Gaillard F, Jones J. Masses of the pineal region: clinical presentation and radiographic features. Postgraduate Medical Journal. 2010; 86:597-607. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20971711. Accessed 12/13/2011.
- Dahiya S, Perry A. Pineal Tumors. Advances in Anatomic Pathology. 2010; 17:419-427. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20966647. Accessed 12/13/2011.
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- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.