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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Pineocytoma


Other Names for this Disease
  • Pinealocytoma
  • Pinealoma
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Overview

A pineocytoma is a tumor of the pineal gland, a small organ in the brain that makes melatonin (a sleep-regulating hormone). Pineocytomas most often occur in adults as a solid mass, although they may appear to have fluid-filled (cystic) spaces on images of the brain. Signs and symptoms of pineocytomas include headaches, nausea, hydrocephalus, vision abnormalities, and Parinaud syndrome.[1] Pineocytomas are usually slow-growing and rarely spread to other parts of the body.[2] Treatment includes surgery to remove the pineocytoma; most of these tumors do not regrow (recur) after surgery.[3]
Last updated: 11/13/2014

References

  1. Maria Moschovi, MD; George P Chrousos, MD. Pineal Gland Masses. UpToDate. October 2013;
  2. Gaillard F, Jones J. Masses of the pineal region: clinical presentation and radiographic features. Postgraduate Medical Journal. 2010; 86:597-607. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20971711. Accessed 12/13/2011.
  3. Dahiya S, Perry A. Pineal Tumors. Advances in Anatomic Pathology. 2010; 17:419-427. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20966647. Accessed 12/13/2011.
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Basic Information

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Other Names for this Disease
  • Pinealocytoma
  • Pinealoma
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.