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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Ocular albinism type 1


Other Names for this Disease
  • Nettleship-Falls type ocular albinism
  • OA1
  • Ocular albinism, Nettleship-Falls type
  • X-linked ocular albinism
  • X-linked recessive ocular albinism
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Inheritance

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How is ocular albinism type 1 inherited? Are males or females more likely to be affected?

Ocular albinism type 1 is usually caused by mutations in the GPR143 gene. In these cases, the condition is inherited in an X-linked recessive manner. Males are more commonly affected than females. This is because males have only one X chromosome and therefore one copy of the GPR143 gene. Females have two X chromosomes and therefore two copies of the GPR143 gene. If females have a mutation in one of their GPR143 genes, they still have a second normal GPR143 gene to compensate. Women with one mutated copy of the gene usually do not have vision loss or other significant eye abnormalities. They may have mild changes in retinal pigmentation that can be detected during an eye examination.

Occasionally, females will have more significant signs and symptoms of ocular albinism type 1. This may be due to:

Last updated: 8/6/2015

References
  1. Ocular albinism. Genetics Home Reference. 2007; http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition=ocularalbinism. Accessed 7/24/2009.
  2. Rosenberg T, Schwartz M. Ocular Albinism, X-Linked . GeneReviews. 2006; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bookshelf/br.fcgi?book=gene&part=x-oa. Accessed 7/24/2009.


Other Names for this Disease
  • Nettleship-Falls type ocular albinism
  • OA1
  • Ocular albinism, Nettleship-Falls type
  • X-linked ocular albinism
  • X-linked recessive ocular albinism
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.