Leber hereditary optic neuropathy with dystonia
Other Names for this Disease
- LHON and dystonia
- Leber optic atrophy and dystonia
- Marsden syndrome
- Dystonia familial, with visual failure and striatal lucencies
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LHON associated with dystonia, which involves involuntary muscle contractions, tremors, and other unctrolled movements. It is caused by mutations in one of three mitochondrial genes: MT-ND1, MT-ND3, MT-ND4, and MT-ND6. Other features that have been associated with this condition include difficulty walking, muscle wasting, scoliosis, dysphagia, dysarthria, intellectual disability, dementia, and spasticity. The dystonia usually begins in childhood; vision loss may begin in early adulthood.Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) with dystonia is a very rare variant of LHON where an individual has
Last updated: 7/7/2011
- Leber Optic Atrophy and Dystonia. Online Mendelian Inheritance of Man (OMIM). December 2009; http://omim.org/entry/500001. Accessed 7/7/2011.
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- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Leber hereditary optic neuropathy with dystonia. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.