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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck


Other Names for this Disease
  • B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia
  • B-cell chronic lymphoid leukemia
  • B-CLL
  • Carcinoma, squamous cell of head and neck
  • Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma
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Overview

Cancers that are known collectively as head and neck cancers usually begin in the squamous cells that line the moist, mucosal surfaces inside the head and neck (for example, inside the mouth, the nose, and the throat). These squamous cell cancers are often referred to as squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck. At least 75 % of head and neck cancers are caused by tobacco and alcohol use. Infection with cancer-causing types of human papillomavirus (HPV), especially HPV-16, is a risk factor for some types of head and neck cancers. The symptoms of head and neck cancers may include a lump or a sore that does not heal, a sore throat that does not go away, difficulty in swallowing, and a change or hoarseness in the voice. Treatment for head and neck cancer can include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, or a combination of treatments.[1]
Last updated: 8/3/2015

References

  1. Head and Neck Cancers. National Cancer Institute. February 1, 2013; http://www.cancer.gov/types/head-and-neck/head-neck-fact-sheet. Accessed 8/3/2015.
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Basic Information

  • Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.

In Depth Information

  • Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia
  • B-cell chronic lymphoid leukemia
  • B-CLL
  • Carcinoma, squamous cell of head and neck
  • Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.