Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome
Other Names for this Disease
- Idiopathic congenital central alveolar hypoventilation
- Congenital failure of autonomic control
- Primary alveolar hypoventilation
- Congenital Ondine curse
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disorder of the autonomic nervous system that affects breathing. It causes a person to hypoventilate (especially during sleep), resulting in a shortage of oxygen and a buildup of carbon dioxide in the blood. Symptoms usually begin shortly after birth. Affected infants hypoventilate upon falling asleep and exhibit a bluish appearance of the skin or lips (cyanosis). Other features may include difficulty regulating heart rate and blood pressure; decreased perception of pain; low body temperature; sporadic profuse sweating; Hirschsprung disease; constipation; learning difficulties; eye abnormalities; and a characteristic facial appearance (having a short, wide, somewhat flattened face). CCHS is caused by a mutation in the PHOX2B gene and is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. However, over 90% of cases are due to a new mutation in the affected person and are not inherited from a parent. Treatment typically includes mechanical ventilation or use of a diaphragm pacemaker.Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is a
Last updated: 1/12/2016
- Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome. Genetics Home Reference. September 2008; http://www.ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/congenital-central-hypoventilation-syndrome.
- Debra E Weese-Mayer, Mary L Marazita, Casey M Rand, and Elizabeth M Berry-Kravis. Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome. GeneReviews. January 30, 2014; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1427/.
- Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) has a report for patients and families about this condition. NORD is a patient advocacy organization for individuals with rare diseases and the organizations that serve them.
- Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.