Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome
Other Names for this Disease
- Idiopathic congenital central alveolar hypoventilation
- Congenital failure of autonomic control
- Primary alveolar hypoventilation
- Congenital Ondine curse
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disorder of the autonomic nervous system that affects breathing. It causes a person to hypoventilate (especially during sleep), resulting in a shortage of oxygen and a buildup of carbon dioxide in the blood. Symptoms usually begin shortly after birth. Affected infants hypoventilate upon falling asleep and exhibit a bluish appearance of the skin or lips (cyanosis). Other features may include difficulty regulating heart rate and blood pressure; decreased perception of pain; low body temperature; sporadic profuse sweating; Hirschsprung disease; constipation; learning difficulties; eye abnormalities; and a characteristic facial appearance (having a short, wide, somewhat flattened face). CCHS is caused by a mutation in the PHOX2B gene and is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. However, over 90% of cases are due to a new mutation in the affected person and are not inherited from a parent. Treatment typically includes mechanical ventilation or use of a diaphragm pacemaker.Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is a
Last updated: 1/12/2016
- Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome. Genetics Home Reference. September 2008; http://www.ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/congenital-central-hypoventilation-syndrome.
- Debra E Weese-Mayer, Mary L Marazita, Casey M Rand, and Elizabeth M Berry-Kravis. Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome. GeneReviews. January 30, 2014; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1427/.
- Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
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- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
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