Other Names for this Disease
- Potassium and magnesium depletion
- Hypomagnesemia-hypokalemia, primary renotubular, with hypocalciuria
- Familial hypokalemia-hypomagnesemia
- Gitelman's syndrome
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Gitelman syndrome is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. This means that to be affected, a person must have a mutation in both copies of the responsible gene in each cell. Affected people inherit one mutated copy of the gene from each parent, who is referred to as a carrier. Carriers of an autosomal recessive condition typically do not have any signs or symptoms (they are unaffected). When 2 carriers of an autosomal recessive condition have children, each child has a:
- 25% (1 in 4) chance to be affected
- 50% (1 in 2) chance to be an unaffected carrier like each parent
- 25% chance to be unaffected and not be a carrier
Last updated: 7/11/2016
- Gitelman Syndrome. NORD. 2015; http://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/gitelman-syndrome/.