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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Hashimoto's encephalitis


Other Names for this Disease
  • Hashimoto's encephalopathy
  • Steroid-responsive encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroiditis
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Treatment

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How might Hashimoto's encephalitis be treated?

Medical management of Hashimoto's encephalitis (HE) usually involves corticosteroids and treatment of thyroid abnormalities (if present). The optimal dose of oral steroids is not known. Most patients with HE respond to steroid therapy. Symptoms typically improve or resolve over a few months. Decisions regarding the length of steroid treatment and the rate of tapering off steroids are based on the individual's response to treatment. Treatment may last as long as two years in some patients.[1]

People with HE who experience repeated HE relapses, do not respond to steroids, and/or cannot tolerate steroid treatment have been treated with other immunosuppressive medications such as azathioprine and cyclophosphamide. Intravenous immunoglobulin, and plasmapheresis have also been used.[1]
Last updated: 1/19/2016

References
  1. Devon, Rubin. Hashimoto encephalopathy. UpToDate. June 17, 2015; http://www.uptodate.com/contents/hashimoto-encephalopathy. Accessed 1/19/2016.


Other Names for this Disease
  • Hashimoto's encephalopathy
  • Steroid-responsive encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroiditis
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.