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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Heterochromia iridis


Other Names for this Disease
  • Asymmetry in the pigmentation of the irides
  • Pigmentary abnormality of the anterior segment of the eye
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Overview

Heterochromia iridis is a condition characterized by abnormalities of the iris (the colored part of the eye). In people affected by complete heterochromia, the iris of one eye is a different color than the iris of the other eye. Segmental heterochromia occurs when areas of the same iris are different in color. Most cases of heterochromia iridis occur sporadically and are not associated with any other symptoms or problems. Rarely, heterochromia iridis is part of a congenital (present from birth) syndrome such as Waardenburg syndrome, Sturge-Weber syndrome, Parry-Romberg syndrome, or Horner's syndrome. Treatment for the condition generally targets the underlying cause and/or any associated symptoms (if present).[1][2]
Last updated: 4/8/2015

References

  1. Ur Rehman H. Heterochromia. Canadian Medical Association Journal. 2008; 179:447-448. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18725617. Accessed 8/9/2011.
  2. Mackey DA, Wilkinson CH, Kearns LS, Hewitt AW. Classification of iris colour: review and refinement of a classification schema. Clin Experiment Ophthalmol. 2011 Jul;39(5):462-71; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=21176045. Accessed 7/5/2013.
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In Depth Information

  • Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Heterochromia iridis. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Asymmetry in the pigmentation of the irides
  • Pigmentary abnormality of the anterior segment of the eye
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.