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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Acute zonal occult outer retinopathy


Other Names for this Disease
  • AZOOR
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Overview

Acute zonal occult outer retinopathy (AZOOR) is a rare condition that affects the eyes. People with this condition may experience a sudden onset of photopsia (the presence of perceived flashes of light) and an area of partial vision loss (a blindspot). Other symptoms may include "whitening of vision" or blurred vision. Although anyone can be affected, the condition is most commonly diagnosed in young women (average age 36.7 years). The underlying cause of AZOOR is currently unknown; however, some researchers have proposed that infectious agents (such as viruses) or autoimmunity may play a role in the development of the condition. No treatment has been proven to improve the visual outcome of AZOOR; however, systemic corticosteroids are the most commonly used therapy.[1][2]
Last updated: 11/16/2015

References

  1. Monson DM, Smith JR. Acute zonal occult outer retinopathy. Surv Ophthalmol. January-February 2011; 56(1):23-35.
  2. Chen SN, Yang CH, Yang CM. Systemic corticosteroids therapy in the management of acute zonal occult outer retinopathy. J Ophthalmol. Epub 2015 Jan 11:
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In Depth Information

  • The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Acute zonal occult outer retinopathy. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • AZOOR
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.