Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome
- Atypical HUS
- HUS, atypical
Atypical hemolytic-uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a disease that causes abnormal blood clots to form in small blood vessels in the kidneys. These clots can cause serious medical problems if they restrict or block blood flow, including hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and kidney failure. It can occur at any age and is often caused by a combination of environmental and genetic factors. Genetic factors involve genes that code for proteins that help control the complement system (part of your body’s immune system). Environmental factors include certain medications (such as anticancer drugs), chronic diseases (e.g., systemic sclerosis and malignant hypertension), viral or bacterial infections, cancers, organ transplantation, and pregnancy. Most cases are sporadic. Less than 20 percent of all cases have been reported to run in families. When the disorder is familial, it can have an autosomal dominant or an autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance.
Atypical hemolytic-uremic syndrome differs from a more common condition called typical hemolytic-uremic syndrome. The two disorders have different causes and different signs and symptoms.
- Alpers CE. The Kidney. In: Kumar ed. Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease, Professional Edition , 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders; 2009;
- Atypical hemolytic-uremic syndrome. Genetics Home Reference. 2010; http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/atypical-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome. Accessed 9/27/2010.
- The Merck Manual provides information on the complement system. The Merck Manuals are a series of healthcare books for medical professionals and consumers.
- The Foundation for Children with Atypical HUS provides further information on atypical HUS on their Web site. Click on the link above to view the information page.
- Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) has a report for patients and families about this condition. NORD is a patient advocacy organization for individuals with rare diseases and the organizations that serve them.
- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.