Other Names for this Disease
- Paroxysmal dystonic choreoathetosis
- Nonkinesigenic choreoathetosis
- Mount-Reback syndrome
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Your QuestionCan you help me find information on the diagnosis of secondary (non-genetic) paroxysmal nonkinesigenic dyskinesia?
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Yes. Sporadic (non-genetic) causes of paroxysmal nonkinesigenic dyskinesia have been reported in the literature. Non-genetic causes include lesions of the basal ganglia due to multiple sclerosis, tumors, and vascular lesions. In addition, lesions outside the basal ganglia (including those due to penetrating injury) have been reported as causing symptoms similar to those found in paroxysmal nonkinesigenic dyskinesia. In these situations, careful evaluation by a neurologist and neuroimaging (such as MRI) may be necessary for diagnosis.
Last updated: 11/24/2008
- Spacey S, Adams P. Familial Paroxysmal Nonkinesigenic Dyskinesia. GeneReviews. 2008; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bookshelf/br.fcgi?book=gene&part=pnknd#pnknd.Diagnosis. Accessed 11/9/2008.