- Idiopathic hypersomnia
- Idiopathic hypersomnolence
- Primary hypersomnia
Because the underlying cause of idiopathic hypersomnia is unknown, treatment remains symptomatic in nature. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine practice parameters state that successful treatment of hypersomnia of central origin requires an accurate diagnosis, individual tailoring of therapy to produce maximum possible return of function, and regular follow-up to monitor response to therapy. Modafinil, sodium oxybate, amphetamine, dextroamphetamine, methylphenidate, and selegiline are effective treatments for excessive sleepiness associated with narcolepsy and primary hypersomnias. These drugs may not work as well for idiopathic hypersomnia as they do for narcolepsy. Scheduled naps can be beneficial to combat sleepiness in these patients.
Important lifestyle changes that can help ease symptoms and prevent injury include:
- Avoiding alcohol
- Avoiding operating motor vehicles or using dangerous equipment
- Avoiding working at night or social activities that delay bedtime
- Preda A. Primary Hypersomnia: Treatment & Medication. eMedicine. 2009; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/291699-treatment. Accessed 8/4/2010.
- Schriber A. Idiopathic hypersomnia. MedlinePlus. 2009; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/. Accessed 8/4/2010.
- Finding Treatment Information - A video developed by GARD Information Specialists that explains how you can find information about treatment for a rare disease.