- Idiopathic hypersomnolence
- Primary hypersomnia
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Because the underlying cause of idiopathic hypersomnia is unknown, treatment remains symptomatic in nature. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine practice parameters state that successful treatment of hypersomnia of central origin requires an accurate diagnosis, individual tailoring of therapy to produce maximum possible return of function, and regular follow-up to monitor response to therapy. Modafinil, sodium oxybate, amphetamine, dextroamphetamine, methylphenidate, and selegiline are effective treatments for excessive sleepiness associated with narcolepsy and primary hypersomnias. These drugs may not work as well for idiopathic hypersomnia as they do for narcolepsy. Scheduled naps can be beneficial to combat sleepiness in these patients.
Important lifestyle changes that can help ease symptoms and prevent injury include:
- Avoiding alcohol
- Avoiding operating motor vehicles or using dangerous equipment
- Avoiding working at night or social activities that delay bedtime
- Preda A. Primary Hypersomnia: Treatment & Medication. eMedicine. 2009; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/291699-treatment. Accessed 8/4/2010.
- Schriber A. Idiopathic hypersomnia. MedlinePlus. 2009; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/. Accessed 8/4/2010.
- ClinicalTrials.gov lists trials that are studying or have studied Idiopathic hypersomnia. Click on the link to go to ClinicalTrials.gov to read descriptions of these studies.