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Treatment for limbic encephalitis varies depending on the underlying cause. In cases of confirmed paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis (PLE), removal or treatment of the tumor is often the first step in treatment. If the cause of limbic encephalitis is a viral infection, an antiviral drug may be prescribed. Immunotherapy is often utilized as a first line or second line treatment. If immunotherapy fails, medications such as rituximab or cyclophosphamide may be considered.
Last updated: 5/12/2016
- Tuzun E, Dalmau J. Limbic Encephalitis and Variants: Classification, Diagnosis, and Treatment. The Neurologist. 2007;
- Asztely F, Kumlien E.. The diagnosis and treatment of limbic encephalitis. Acta Neurol Scand. Dec 2012; 126(6):365-375. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22713136.