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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Biotinidase deficiency


Other Names for this Disease
  • Biotin deficiency
  • BTD deficiency
  • Juvenile-onset multiple carboxylase deficiency
  • Late-onset biotin-responsive multiple carboxylase deficiency
  • Late-onset multiple carboxylase deficiency
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Overview

Biotinidase deficiency is an inherited disorder in which the body is unable to recycle the vitamin biotin. The disorder may become apparent in the first few months of life, or later in childhood. The more severe form of the disorder is called 'profound biotinidase deficiency' and may cause delayed development, seizures, weak muscle tone (hypotonia), breathing problems, hearing and vision loss, problems with movement and balance (ataxia), skin rashes, hair loss (alopecia), and a fungal infection called candidiasis. The milder form is called 'partial biotinidase deficiency'; without treatment, affected children may experience hypotonia, skin rashes, and hair loss. In some cases, these symptoms only appear during illness, infection, or other times of stress on the body. Biotinidase deficiency is caused by mutations in the BTD gene and is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. Lifelong treatment with biotin can prevent symptoms and complications from occurring or improve them if they have already developed.[1]
Last updated: 8/4/2015

References

  1. Biotinidase deficiency. Genetics Home Reference (GHR). December, 2014; http://www.ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/biotinidase-deficiency.
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Basic Information

  • Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Biotinidase deficiency. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
  • The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.  Access to this database is free of charge.
    Orphanet
    Orphanet
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Biotinidase deficiency. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Biotin deficiency
  • BTD deficiency
  • Juvenile-onset multiple carboxylase deficiency
  • Late-onset biotin-responsive multiple carboxylase deficiency
  • Late-onset multiple carboxylase deficiency
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.