Congenital muscular dystrophy
Other Names for this Disease
- Congenital MD
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.
hypotonia; progressive muscle weakness and degeneration (atrophy); joint contractures; and delayed motor milestones (i.e. sitting up, walking, etc). CMD can be caused by a variety of different genes. Most forms are inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. Treatment is based on the signs and symptoms present in each person.Congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) refers to a group of inherited conditions that affect the muscles and are present at birth or in early infancy. The severity of the condition, the associated signs and symptoms and the disease progression vary significantly by type. Common features include
Last updated: 6/22/2015
- Congenital Muscular Dystrophy. NORD. 2013; https://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/congenital-muscular-dystrophy/.
- Susan Sparks, MD, PhD, Susana Quijano-Roy, MD, PhD, Amy Harper, MD, Anne Rutkowski, MD, Erynn Gordon, MS, CGC, Eric P Hoffman, PhD, and Elena Pegoraro, MD, PhD. Congenital Muscular Dystrophy Overview. GeneReviews. August 2012; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1291/.
- Muscular Dystrophy Association has information and resources about Congenital muscular dystrophy. Please click on the link to access this resource.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) has a report for patients and families about this condition. NORD is a patient advocacy organization for individuals with rare diseases and the organizations that serve them.
- Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Congenital muscular dystrophy. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.