Other Names for this Disease
- Bloom-Torre-Machacek syndrome
- Growth deficiency, sun-sensitive, telangiectatic, hypo and hyperpigmented skin, predisposition to malignancy and chromosomal instability
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chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); and recurrent infections of the upper respiratory tract, ears, and lungs during infancy. Cancers may include any of those found in the general population, but develop much earlier in life in affected individuals. It is caused by mutations in the BLM gene and is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. Treatment is generally symptomatic and supportive.Bloom syndrome is a disorder characterized by a significantly increased risk of cancer and various other features. Signs and symptoms include short stature; sun-sensitive skin changes on the face, hands and/or arms; a high-pitched voice; and distinctive facial features including a long, narrow face, small lower jaw, large nose and prominent ears. Some affected individuals may also have learning disabilities; an increased risk of diabetes;
Last updated: 9/1/2011
- Bloom syndrome. Genetics Home Reference. November 2010; http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/bloom-syndrome. Accessed 3/31/2014.
- DermNet NZ is an online resource about skin diseases developed by the New Zealand Dermatological Society Incorporated. DermNet NZ provides information about this condition.
- Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Bloom syndrome. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) has a report for patients and families about this condition. NORD is a patient advocacy organization for individuals with rare diseases and the organizations that serve them.
- Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Bloom syndrome. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.