Chiari malformation type 1
* Not a rare disease
Other Names for this Disease
- Chiari type I malformation
- Chiari malformation type I
- Arnold Chiari malformation type I
 Depending on the symptoms present and severity, some individuals may not require treatment while others may require pain medications or surgery.Chiari malformation type 1 is a structural abnormality of the cerebellum, the part of the brain that controls balance. It involves the extension of the lower part of the cerebellum into the foramen magnum (the large hole at the base of the skull which allows passage of the spinal cord), without involving the brainstem. Normally, only the spinal cord passes through this opening. This malformation is the most common type of Chiari malformation and may not cause any symptoms.
Last updated: 3/12/2012
- Chiari Malformation Fact Sheet. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Web site. 2009; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/chiari/detail_chiari.htm. Accessed 12/22/2009.
- Chiari Malformation Fact Sheet. NINDS. February 1, 2012; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/chiari/detail_chiari.htm#194173087. Accessed 3/11/2012.
- Peyman Pakzaban. Chiari Malformation. eMedicine. March 2, 2012; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1483583-overview. Accessed 3/11/2012.
- The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) collects and disseminates research information related to neurological disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) has a report for patients and families about this condition. NORD is a patient advocacy organization for individuals with rare diseases and the organizations that serve them.
- Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Chiari malformation type 1. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.