Childhood hepatocellular carcinoma
Other Names for this Disease
- Childhood Carcinoma of Liver Cell
- Childhood Hepatoma
- Childhood Liver Cell Carcinoma
- Pediatric Carcinoma of Liver Cell
- Pediatric Hepatocellular Carcinoma
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 Childhood HCC is usually found in older children and adolescents (10-14 years), but has been found in children younger than 5. Symptoms may include a mass in the abdomen, a swollen and painful abdomen, weight loss, poor appetite, yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice), vomiting, fever, itchy skin, and a decreased number of red blood cells (anemia). The cause of childhood HCC is not well understood; however, underlying disorders that cause liver dysfunction (ex. hepatitis B) and congenital or genetic disorders that affect the liver (ex. tyrosinemia type 1) may increase the risk for childhood HCC to occur. Treatment options vary depending on a variety of factors including the stage of the cancer and may include surgery to remove the tumor and chemotherapy.Childhood hepatocellular carcinoma (childhood HCC) is a rare type of malignant (cancerous) tumor that forms in the cells and tissues of the liver.
Last updated: 7/14/2016
- Pr Piotr CZAUDERNA. Pediatric hepatocellular carcinoma. Orphanet. November 2014; http://www.orpha.net/consor/cgi-bin/OC_Exp.php?lng=en&Expert=33402.
- Deirdre Kelly, Khalid Sharif, Rachel M. Brown, Bruce Morland. Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Children. Clin Liver Dis. May 2015; 19(2):433-447. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25921672.
- Paulette Mehta. Pediatric Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Medscape. November 5, 2015; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/986988.
- Children's Hospital Boston Web site has an information page on hepatocellular carcinoma, childhood. Click on the link above to view this information page.
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