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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Eagle syndrome


Other Names for this Disease
  • Elongated styloid process which causes cervico facial pain tinnitus and otalgia
  • Elongated styloid process syndrome
  • Styloid-stylohyoid syndrome
  • Eagle's syndrome
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Treatment

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How might Eagle syndrome be treated?

In general, treatment of Eagle syndrome is both surgical and nonsurgical.[1] Nonsurgical treatments include reassurance, a diet of soft foods, use of an intra-oral splint, use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (analgesics), anticonvulsants, antidepressants, local steroid injections or long-acting anesthetic agents, and manual (chiropractic) therapy.[1][2][3]  The experimental use of radiofrequency therapies upon the affected nerves may also be an option, but is considered experimental at this time.[4] 

Surgical treatment involves removal of the extension of the styloid process that is causing the pain.[1][3] This surgery can carry risks, including scarring from the site of surgery or continued pain from Eagle syndrome or from surgical complications such as damage to the carotid vessels or the nerves in the area.[3]

Last updated: 12/2/2011

References
  1. Murtagh RD, Caracciolo JT, Fernandez G. CT Findings Associated with Eagle Syndrome. American Journal of Neuroradiology. 2001; http://www.ajnr.org/cgi/content/full/22/7/1401. Accessed 7/24/2010.
  2. Hampf G, Aalberg V, Tasanen A, Nyman C. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1986; 15(5):549-52. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3097179. Accessed 7/24/2010.
  3. Rinaldi V, Faiella F, Casale M, Coco M, Salvinelli F. Eagle Syndrome . Medscape Reference. 2012; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1447247-overview. Accessed 7/31/2013.
  4. Clinical Policy Bulletin: Ernest or Eagle's Syndrome (Stylomandibular Ligament Pain): Treatment with Radiofrequency Thermoneurolysis. Aetna. 2000; http://www.aetna.com/cpb/medical/data/400_499/0400.html. Accessed 12/2/2011.


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Other Names for this Disease
  • Elongated styloid process which causes cervico facial pain tinnitus and otalgia
  • Elongated styloid process syndrome
  • Styloid-stylohyoid syndrome
  • Eagle's syndrome
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.