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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Pierson syndrome


Other Names for this Disease
  • Microcoria - congenital nephrotic syndrome
  • Microcoria - congenital nephrosis
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.

Symptoms

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What are the signs and symptoms of Pierson syndrome?

The features and severity of Pierson syndrome can vary among affected people. Affected infants are usually born with serious and progressive kidney disease due to congenital nephrotic syndrome, although some do not have kidney failure until adulthood. Most require a renal transplant for end-stage kidney disease within the first decade of life.

Ocular (eye) abnormalities are another common feature of Pierson syndrome. Most affected infants are born with abnormally small pupils (microcoria). Other ocular abnormalities may include cataractsglaucoma, retinal detachments, and blindness.

Those that survive past infancy typically have neurological disabilities and developmental delays. Many children with Pierson syndrome don't achieve normal milestones such as sitting, standing, and talking.[1]
Last updated: 3/23/2016

The Human Phenotype Ontology provides the following list of signs and symptoms for Pierson syndrome. If the information is available, the table below includes how often the symptom is seen in people with this condition. You can use the MedlinePlus Medical Dictionary to look up the definitions for these medical terms.

Signs and Symptoms Approximate number of patients (when available)
Abnormality of movement 90%
Cataract 90%
EEG abnormality 90%
Hematuria 90%
Hemiplegia/hemiparesis 90%
Hypertension 90%
Muscular hypotonia 90%
Nephrotic syndrome 90%
Nystagmus 90%
Proteinuria 90%
Hypoplasia of penis 50%
Areflexia -
Autosomal recessive inheritance -
Blindness -
Diffuse mesangial sclerosis -
Edema -
Hypoplasia of the ciliary body -
Hypoplasia of the iris -
Hypoproteinemia -
Neonatal onset -
Posterior lenticonus -
Stage 5 chronic kidney disease -

Last updated: 7/1/2016

The Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) has collected information on how often a sign or symptom occurs in a condition. Much of this information comes from Orphanet, a European rare disease database. The frequency of a sign or symptom is usually listed as a rough estimate of the percentage of patients who have that feature.

The frequency may also be listed as a fraction. The first number of the fraction is how many people had the symptom, and the second number is the total number of people who were examined in one study. For example, a frequency of 25/25 means that in a study of 25 people all patients were found to have that symptom. Because these frequencies are based on a specific study, the fractions may be different if another group of patients are examined.

Sometimes, no information on frequency is available. In these cases, the sign or symptom may be rare or common.


References
  1. Pierson syndrome. The University of Arizona. 2015; http://disorders.eyes.arizona.edu/disorders/pierson-syndrome.


Other Names for this Disease
  • Microcoria - congenital nephrotic syndrome
  • Microcoria - congenital nephrosis
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.