Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome
Other Names for this Disease
- Familial polymorphous cold eruption
- Familial cold urticaria
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Individuals with familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome (FCAS) are generally advised to avoid exposure to cold temperatures. Bed rest, warmth and corticosteroids can be used to treat an acute attack. Treatment may include the use of biologic agents (drugs derived from living material) which can control the symptoms of FCAS by blocking interleukin-1; they are called selective recombinant interleukin-1 receptor agonists. Examples of these agents are rilonacept, anakinra, and canakinumab. These agents reportedly have a significant beneficial effect on quality of life for individuals with FCAS.
Last updated: 11/14/2013
- Delwyn Dyall-Smith. Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome. DermNet NZ. March 2011; http://www.dermnetnz.org/systemic/fcas.html. Accessed 10/30/2013.
- Marwan Shinawi. Hereditary Periodic Fever Syndromes. Medscape Reference. January 11, 2013; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/952254-overview#aw2aab6b7. Accessed 9/23/2013.
- ClinicalTrials.gov lists trials that are studying or have studied Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome. Click on the link to go to ClinicalTrials.gov to read descriptions of these studies.
- The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) study, Pathogenesis of Physical Induced Urticarial Syndromes is currently recruiting participants. The study aims to investigate mechanisms that may cause physical hives or urticaria and to reproduce urticaria through challenge testing (procedures to test the skin for a reaction to a stimulus), followed by mast cell studies, measurement of IL-1, genetic studies, and other molecular studies to lead to a better understanding of urticaria and to design safe and more effective treatments.
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