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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Bronchiolitis obliterans


Other Names for this Disease
  • Obliterative bronchiolitis
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Overview

Bronchiolitis obliterans is an inflammatory obstruction of the lung's tiniest airways, the bronchioles. The bronchioles may become damaged and inflamed after inhalation of toxic fumes, as a result of respiratory infections, in association with connective tissue disorders, or after bone marrow or heart-lung transplants. This leads to extensive scarring that blocks the airways, leading to a dry cough, shortness of breath, fatigue and wheezing in the absence of a cold or asthma. While there is no way to reverse the disease, treatments are available to stabilize or slow the progression.[1]  

Another similarly named disease, bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia, is a completely different disease.[1]

Last updated: 10/1/2012

References

  1. Bronchiolitis Obliterans. National Jewish Health Web site. May 2012; http://www.nationaljewish.org/healthinfo/conditions/bronchiolitis/. Accessed 10/1/2012.
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Basic Information

In Depth Information

  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Bronchiolitis obliterans. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
  • UpToDate has an article on Bronchiolitis obliterans. Click on UpToDate to view the page.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Obliterative bronchiolitis
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.