Giant cell arteritis
Other Names for this Disease
- Temporal arteritis
- Cranial arteritis
- Horton’s disease
- Horton's arteritis
- Secondary glomerular disease
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vasculitis, a group of disorders that cause inflammation of blood vessels. In GCA, the vessels of the head are most involved (especially the temporal arteries, located on each side of the head), but other blood vessels can also become inflamed. The inflammation causes the arteries to narrow, resulting in poor blood flow. Signs and symptoms may include a throbbing headache on one side of the head or the back of the head; tenderness of the scalp; various symptoms that feel like the flu; and/or problems with eyesight. The cause of GCA is still being studied, but an abnormal immune response has been implicated. Several genetic and environmental factors may increase a person's risk to develop GCA. Early treatment is important and may include corticosteroids and/or other medications that suppress the immune system.Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a form of
Last updated: 4/5/2016
- Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arteritis. NIAMS. April, 2015; http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Polymyalgia/default.asp.
- Temporal arteritis. MedlinePlus. February 6, 2013; https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000448.htm.
- The Mayo Clinic Web site provides further information on Giant cell arteritis.
- MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
- The Merck Manual provides information on this condition for patients and caregivers.
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- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Giant cell arteritis. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.